Follow the Guide to Referencing at the University of Manchester link on the Business and Management Referencing tab.
At the Guide to Referencing at the University of Manchester pages select:
Referencing styles -> Harvard
You can download the guide as a pdf file, or read the advice online.
The Guide to Referencing at the University of Manchester (now renamed Referencing guide at the University of Manchester) includes tabs on referencing software: EndNote, EndNote Web, Reference Manager, Zotero and Mendeley.
Based on our popular “Guide to citing references guide (2012)” here are recommendations for citing specialist company and financial databases.
Harvard Style Referencing is now available as part of the Guide to Referencing at the University of Manchester. [12 Jan 2013]
Bloomberg. (2012) Bloomberg Professional. [Online]. Available at: Subscription Service (Accessed: 30 November 2012)
CRSP/Compustat Merged. (2012) CRSP/Compustat Merged. Center for Research in Security Prices. [Online]. Available at: WRDS http://wrds-web.wharton.upenn.edu/wrds/ (Accessed: 14 November 2012)
Datastream. (2012) Thomson Reuters Datastream. [Online]. Available at: Subscription Service (Accessed: November 2012)
Fame, (2012) Fame. Bureau van Dijk. [Online]. Available at: http://fame2.bvdep.com/ (Accessed: 19 November 2012)
Orbis, (2012) Orbis. Bureau van Dijk. [Online]. Available at: https://orbis2.bvdep.com/ (Accessed: 19 November 2012)
SDC Platinum. (2012) SDC Platinum. Thomson Reuters. [Online]. Available at: Subscription Service (Accessed: November 2012)
Thomson One Banker. (2012) Thomson One Banker. Thomson Reuters. [Online]. Available at: http://banker.thomsonib.com/ (Accessed: 19 November 2012)
Reports/Data within a Database
Bloomberg. (2012) “Company information for Rolls Royce PLC”, Bloomberg Professional. [Online]. Available at: Bloomberg Subscription Service (Accessed: 19 November 2012)
Mintel. (2009) Books – UK – December 2009, Market Research Report. [Online]. Available at : http://reports.mintel.com/sinatra/reports/display/id=395633 (Accessed: 05 January 2010).
Meltz, M. A., Lewis, D. & Lovell, N. (2009). [J.P. Morgan report on] The McGraw-Hill Companies – 07 Dec 2009. Thomson Research Investment Research Collection Rpt. 15613728 [Online]. Available at: Thomson Research – http://research.thomsonib.com/ (Accessed: 05 January 2010).
If we consider a database as similar to an e-book then the first decision is whether you are citing the complete database or a separate identifiable part of the database.
Where a company has several databases it is easier for the reader if you use the database name as the author. This means that the in-text citation will be (Datastream, 2012) rather than (Thomson Reuters, 2012a) and the reader has to go to the list of references to find which Thomson Reuters database you are citing.
For additonal information about referencing in general, there is a Referencing Tab in the Business and Management subject guide.
You can also browse the other posts in the referencing category.
Within the Eddie Davies and Precinct libraries there are copies of a ‘Datastream Workbook’, designed to assist students using Datastream.
This has been updated with an additional section under ‘Company Information – Quick Reference’, entitled: ‘Importing Companies from External Database Search’.
When undertaking research for a dissertation, large numbers of companies can be generated from a database search. Often further analysis is required using another database, such as Datastream. A common company identifier available from database searches is the ISIN (International Security Identification Number) code. For example, GB0008847096 represents Tesco PLC.
Using the Datastream Advance For office (AFO) Excel Add-In, results [ISIN codes] from an external database search can be imported into an Excel sheet (copy and paste) and then the ‘Create List (From Range)’ function can be used to create a List for further analysis. This List can be stored locally or uploaded to the Thomson Reuters Mainframe for access and use in a ‘Static’ or ‘Time Series’ request (search).
The updated Datastream Workbook is available at the Eddie Davies Library and Precinct Library.
Datastream is available to use by current students and staff of the University of Manchester at the Eddie Davies and Precinct libraries.
Analysts’ reports (brokers’ reports) are written by respected analysts within investment banks, brokerage houses and consulting firms worldwide for their clients.
Current University of Manchester staff and students have access to an extensive analysts’ reports collection through Thomson Research (the collection was previously called Investext).
Analysts write their reports for clients who are mostly interested in companies as an investment opportunity so they cover public (quoted) companies and there will be more reports for larger companies. Reports vary from short buy/hold/sell recommendations to longer detailed analysis of company strategies.
For further information on Thomson Research:
- Industry Information from Thomson Research
- Thomson Research tips
- Thomson Research only works with IE
- all Thomson Research posts
- Thomson Research guide (Nov 2012) from library database guides
For FAQ answer on analysts’ reports:
This also mentions how to get analysts’ reports on Bloomberg.
26 Feb 2103 – latest version on Referencing – new citation guide
The guide provides a brief introduction to referencing: both citing references to others’ work within the text of your assignment/thesis/paper, and compiling an accurate list of references.
The Harvard system (Harvard style) is based on Author – Date information in the text with a list of references at the end in alphabetical order. However, it does allow for some variation in the detailed formatting. For example:
A) Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2010) Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 8th edn. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
B) FISHER, D., and HANSTOCK, T., 1998. Citing references: a guide for students. Blackwell.
The guide chooses A because all Manchester Business School course handbooks use uppercase and lowercase for authors’ names, rather than all uppercase (and an unscientific survey of descriptions of Harvard referencing had most with the publication year in brackets).
It is much, much easier to do the references in any assignment/paper/thesis if you keep a record of your related reading as you go along. There are a number of options for reference management:
- Manual (e.g. Word) - Simply create yourself a “my references” document, and as you read a paper/book/… add all the necessary reference information. When writing do your referencing by hand: cutting and pasteing from your references document as appropriate.
- EndNote – A sophisticated reference management system, available on all University of Manchester cluster PCs and supported by Library training sessions. ( JRUL EndNote Page, Endnote FAQs ) However you have to buy a personal copy to use on your own laptop (academic discount available).
- EndNote Web – Free to University of Manchester staff and students with our site licence for EndNote. (JRUL EndNote Web Page, EndNote Web FAQs) Well worth a try before buying your own personal copy of EndNote.
- Zotero – Free reference management software: originally a Mozilla Firefox browser plugin but now also available in a stand-alone version. Well regarded – for example Cambridge Business School library’s recent post Zotero: a new dawn for referencing
- Mendeley – Free reference management software like Zotero – adopts support for collaboration as its unique selling point.
If you have a small number of references it is relatively easy to do your referencing manually. However using reference management software can be a big help in getting your references organised and making it easy to produce a consistent professional set of references like you see in academic texts and journal articles.
Euromonitor International has recently launched two new and innovative database additions to complement the award winning Passport GMID database.
The two databases are called Passport Industrial and the Economic Observer.
The University now has access to these additions via Passport GMID.
In this second feature we will highlight the Economic Observer addition.
The Economic Observer dashboard provides up-to-date monthly and quarterly economic data across 55 countries and 42 macro-indicators allowing users to monitor anything from changing consumer confidence, short-term economic performance, trends and developments as well as fluctuating consumer prices and exchange rates all in real time.
Use Economic Observer to:
- Track changes in the business cycle as soon as they happen
- Feed into PEST analysis
- Identify trends affecting consumer behaviour
- Create your own forecasts from economic data
- Understand trade patterns
- Monitor changing interest rates
- Track changes in prices and Fluctuations in exchange rates
- Benchmark a company’s performance against overall economic growth
- Spot potential production bases
Opt for Databases and next Countries and Regions. To access the Economic Observer dashboard please go to the ECONOMY, FINANCE AND TRADE homepage within the main drop menu of COUNTRIES AND CONSUMERS. On the homepage you will find the Economic Observer dashboard on the right hand side which can be activated by clicking on LAUNCH.
Please note there is a “?” icon at the top of the page which covers FAQs on how to use the system, the definitions, methodology and much more.
Economic Observer works well on your Tablet device too. Using Passport GMID via the MBS Library Service page enables access when on the move or when information is needed quickly for that all important research.
Remember to add the MBS Library Icon to your Tablet Home Screen, simply select the “arrow” option at the top of the screen next to your URL and opt for the “Add to Home Screen” option, then give your “app” a name and your task is complete.
Euromonitor International has recently launched two new and innovative database additions to complement their Passport GMID database.
The two databases are called Passport Industrial and the Economic Observer.
The University now has access to these additions via Passport GMID.
This first feature will highlight the ground breaking Passport Industrial.
Passport Industrial is an economic research solution that analyses the industrial makeup of the 13 largest economies in the World – Australia , Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Russia, Spain, UK and USA providing a strategic assessment of each industry and explaining the complex relationships between them. Use Passport Industrial to:
- Gain insight into the structure and performance of each economy
- Compare relative industry attractiveness in stable and challenging economic conditions
- Identify and assess key client industries and spot bargaining opportunities
- Examine the entire supply chain and how industries respond to changes
- Benchmark industry performance, cost structure and profitability
- Analyse import/export trends and their effect on domestic industries
Access Passport Industrial
Opt for Databases then Countries and Regions. Connect to Passport Industrial via the “industries” drop down menu where you will find a brand new industry option called “industrial”. On this homepage you can access all the reports by going to the “Quick Analysis Finder” tab on the left-hand side and access the “Country Reports” option. From the results page you can filter reports by country and category.
Screencast – http://screencast.com/t/wVeCriaF - finding report on “Accounting and Auditing in the UK”
On the homepage you will also be able to access all the statistics by going via the “Search tree” menu on the left-hand side of the page which will allow you to then access the main menu tree. From here you can select multiple categories and then of course select multiple countries by clicking on “Choose Geographies”. Upon selecting “View Data Now” you will be able to view your own unique dataset.
Remember to add the MBS Library Icon to your Tablet Home Screen, simply select the “arrow” option at the top of the screen next to your URL and opt for the “Add to Home Screen” option, then give your “app” a name and your task is complete. Good functionality and design makes this an ideal addition to an iPad desktop.
A Detailed Resource Guide examining the key Features and Benefits of Passport GMID is available via our How to Research Guides page.
The library’s Electronic Journals A-Z list allows you to check which journals are available online in full-text.
There is a simple search: just enter keywords from the journal title, click on search and all matching journals are returned, in alphabetical order.
For example, if type china quarterly and search you get 5 matching journals which have both china and quarterly in their title. In this case you have to scroll down to the fourth entry for the journal titles China Quarterly.
The library purchases journals in packages from publishers so for some journals there may be more than one source.
If there are several sources: check the publication dates covered by the different sources.
In this China Quarterly example:
- ABI Inform (Proquest) has from 2001 onwards, but not the most recent year
- Cambridge University Press has from 2001 onwards (no embargo)
- JSTOR has from 1960 to 2005
You can also do a library catalogue search for china quarterly and restrict the results to Collection Journals.
- How can I check a journal’s availability through the library? (FAQ answer)
- How do I access e-journals? (FAQ answer)
- Introduction to Finding and Searching Electronic Journals from General guides
Note: the Electronic Journals A-Z list has recently been updated so it has a new look, but the main functionality is unchanged.
Emerald provides access to over 1500 full-text peer reviewed academic and scholarly Journals. The database covers a wide range of subject areas including:
- Product Development
- Enterprise and Innovation
How can Emerald help me?
Emerald contains academic/theoretical articles for a number of key business and management journals.
Use Emerald to:
- Keep up to date with management developments/techniques/strategies
- Analyse marketing techniques/strategies
- Explore Company case examples and developments
- Substantiate theoretical models or debate
How can I access Emerald?
How should I search Emerald?
- Use “Quick Search” to search across all journals for a phrase or keyword
- Use “Advanced Search” to build a more accurate search strategy
- Use “Browse” to view details of subscribed journals either using A-Z or subject categories
Emerald is one of our key Business and Management Journal Databases available for you to access via the MBS Library page.
Resource guides outlining how to use Emerald as well as guides to all our other online resources are available from our “How to Research Guides” web-page.
Bloomberg is a specialist financial database which provides access to Equities, Commodities, Foreign Exchange and Price Indices data in addition to extensive Business News Resources. Another key feature of the database is the Bloomberg Careers Centre Facility. This feature enables browsers to:
- Search for jobs in your specified location or area
- Keep up to date with local Job Related Events
- Discover which Recruiters are in your area at the moment
Using the Bloomberg Careers Centre features enables you to build a comprehensive Job Search to uncover the ideal position for you in the location of your choice.
To begin your Careers Search on Bloomberg, simply enter: “JOBS” in the online search field and then hit “GO”
The Jobs Screen is divided into four sections:
- Jobs Available in your Area
- Job-Related Events in your Area
- Recruiters in your Area
- Financial Hiring News
Many other Job Search Features are also available via the site.
How to access Bloomberg Careers Centre?
Bloomberg is available via designated PCs in the Eddie Davies Finance Zone (Please book online) and the new Bloomberg Suite without booking.
The Precinct Library also has a Bloomberg monitor which can be booked. Please call 0161 306 3200.A detailed guide outlining the key features of the Bloomberg Careers Centre is also available in the “How to” Guide Section of the Library Web-Site.
The MBS Library Service provides access to key resources and databases which can assit all Library users with their Job Search, Interview Preparation and Career Development.
Find publications relating to your career development eg. Managing your Career, CV/Interview Preparation, Postgraduate Career Strategies and tips on Networking techniques, via the Library Catalogue.
Harness our extensive range of Databases to Target and Research Potential Employers, see our “How to Target and Research Potential Employers” guide available via the Library Web-page: